An evening with JANUKA part 3 – From Emancipation to independence 2 of 5

BLOG 5 (B): BACKGROUND INFORMATION (contd) – THE FOOD WE ATE

I enjoyed discussing this topic with family, friends and the wider Jamaican community. It was interesting to note that the same food would have different names depending on which part of the island they were produced. Elders would recall their favourite foods with smile on their faces and watery mouths and even recalled the names of the farmers and women who cooked it. They told me they were never hungry growing up in Jamaica because of the abundance of food, fruits and water. That was also my experience. The Encyclopaedia of Jamaican Heritage by Olive Senior was also a useful comparative resource.

This food list was used to comprise a Dub – Rap entitled “Wi shoulda neva go hungry in a fi wi culture”

LIST OF JAMAICAN FOOD AND FRUITS

ORIGINS: Arawak Indians, Spanish, Portuguese Jews, French, Africans (Ashanti, Fanti, Yoruba, Ibo people), Europeans (English, Irish, German), Indians, Chinese, Arabs/ Middle East/Syrians.

Apples
Otaheite
Custard/Bullock’s heart
Crab Apple
Mammey
Avocadoes
Midshipman’s butter
Poorman’s butter
Round- Simmonds
Long neck Allegator
Green Skin
Purple Skin
Breadfruit
Yellow heart
Cus Cus
Bananas
Lakatan
Gross Mitchel
Robuster
Chiney
White house
Froggy
Red banana
Beans
Red/Kidney Beans
Butter Beans
Lima Beans
String Beans
Broad Beans
Crab –eye
Rose cocoa
Cocoas
(Taro and Tannia)
Bedoe
Comander
Minty
Sally
Dasheen
Coconut
Mandora
Jamaica Tall
Malayan Dwarf
Eggs
Boobie eggs
Hen eggs
Fruits
Guinep
Gimbilin
Jew/June Plum
Hog Plum
Pomegranate
Guava
Fruits
Sea Grape
Stinking Toe
Naseberry
Papaya
Grapefruit
Water-Melon
Fruits
Mammee Apple
Rose Apple
Star Apple
Custard Apple
Crab Apple
Otaheitte Apple
Golden Apple
Velvet Apple
Fruits
Sweet Sop
Sour Sop
Tamarind
Passion Fruit
Coolie Plum
Garden Cherries
Fruits
Peanut
Cashew
Calabash Fruit
Fig
Date Palm
Jack Fruit
Pineapple
Oranges
Navel Orange
Seville Orange
Valencia
Sweet Orange
Sour Orange
Shaddock
Ugli
Oranges
Tangerine
Mandarine
Ortanique
Limes
Lemon
Mangoes
Kidney
Julie
Suppy
Stringy
Black
Number Eleven
Mangoes
Bombay
East Indian
Cow Tone
Turpentime
Robbin
Plantains
Horse
Maiden
Peppers
Scotch bonnet
Bird
Red
Yellow
Green
Cayenne/ Chilli
Paprika
Peas
Gungo/ Pigeon
Congo
Jerusalem
Cow
Black Eye
Sugar Canes
Craw Fish
Stripe
Salango
White
Baby Leg
Uba (to feed cattle)
Hard (for sugar and rum)
Tomatoes
Beef
Ox-heart
Potentate
Margrove
Plum
Small cooking
Vegetables
White Cho Cho
Green Cho Cho
(also called chayote, bironne, christophene)
Okra
Bitter Casava
Sweet Casava
Corn
Pumpkin
Vegetables
Watercress
Callaloo
Spinach
Indian Kale
White Cabbage
Lettuce
Cucumber
Gerkin
Turnip
Vegetables
Susumber
Escallion
Irish Potatoes
Sweet Potato
Garden egg/Egg plant/ Aubergene
Carrot
Capsicum (hot & sweet pepper)
Yams
Yellow (Afu)
White (Afu)
St Vincent
Negro
Yampie (Indian)
Lucea
Thaw
Chineese
Renta(Trinidad)
Sweet
Mozella
Fish
Calepeaver- (Jamaica salmon)
Conch
Land Crab
Sea Crabs
Cutlass
Goat
Grouper
Jack
Jonga/Janga
Fish
June/Jew
Kingfish
Lobster
Makerel
Conch
Tiki- Tiki fish
Marlin (blue)
Mullet (mountain)
Old wife
Oysters
Parrot
Red herring
Fish
Saltfish
Shad
Shrimps
Red Snapper
Black Snapper
Grey Snapper
Yellow tail Snapper
Red tail Snapper
Red belly Snapper
Sprats
Turtle
Solomon Gundy
Meat
Goat
Cow
Pigs
Iguanas
Conies
Chicken
Senseh Fowl
Guinea Fowl
Herbs/Spices
Sour-sop Leaves
Pimento Leaves
Lime leaves
Velvet Bush
Arrow Root
Jack in the Bush
Cowfoot Bush
Elder Bush
Herbs/Spices
Liquorice Bush
Ackee Leaves
Pawpaw Leaves
Chew stick
Cassareep
Dandelion
Bitters
Castor oil
Herbs/Spices
Bissy/Kola
Sage
Thistle
Leaf of Life
Wis
Parsley
Thyme
Escallion
Sweet Basil
Herbs/Spices
Cinnamon
Nutmeg
Mace
All Spice
Pimento
Vanilla
Wangla/Sesame seed Annatto
Tuna/Aloe Vera
Single Bible
Herbs/Spices
Ginger
Garlic
Onions
Black Pepper
White Pepper
Cardomon
Turmeric
Cloves
Bread and Buns
Bammy
Bulla Cake
Toto
Johnny Cake
Grater Cake
Fried Dumplins
Corn Bread
Coconut Bread
Banana Bread
Bread and Buns
Ginger Bread
Pitta Bread
Bun and Cheese
Patties
Coconut Bun
Easter Bun
Bread and Pear
Cocoa Bread
Hard dough Bread
Peg Bread
Candies
Peppermint Candy
Peanut Brittle
Ginger Candies
Paw – Paw Balls
Tamarind balls
Mint balls
Paradise plum
Bustamante backbone (stagger back)
Gizada -pinch mi round)
Coconut Sugar Cakes
Candies
Coconut Drops
Orange Sweetmeats
Banana Figs
Breadfruit Blossom- Preserve
Tamarind Preserve
Candid Fruit / Ginger, Peel
Pinda cake-Wangla
Guava Cheese
Mango Cheese
Jams and Jellies
Seville orange marmalade
Tangerine marmalade
Banana Jam
Mango Jam
Pineapple Jam
Sorrel Jam
Garden Cherry Jam
Garden Cherry Jelly
Hog Plum Jam
Guava Jelly
Mango Jelly
Sorrel Jelly
Soups
Pepperpot Soup
Black Crab Pepperpot
Callaloo Soup
Ackee Soup
Cold Avocado Soup
Beef Soup
Coconut Soup
Cooked Food
Roast Guinea Fowl
Roast Duck
Roast Beef
Corned Beef
Spiced Beef
Salt Beef
Tripe and Beans
Cooked Food
Jerk pork
Jerk Chicken
Rice and Peas
Gungu Peas Stew
Oxtail & Beans
Cow foot & Beans
Johnny/Journey Cakes
Cooked Food
Curry Goat
Curry Chicken
Curried Ackees
Curried Crab
Curry Lobster
Curry Shrimps
Brown Strew Fish
Cooked Food
Fricaseed Game bird
Ackra cakes(black eyed peas)
Candied Sweet Potatoes
Ackee and Saltfish
Saltfish and Paw Paw
Susumber and Saltfish
Soups
Conch Meat Soup
Fish Tea/Soup
Pumpkin Soup
Turtle Soup
Gungo Peas Soup
Red Peas Soup
Jonga/crayfish Soup
Mannish Water
Oxtail Soup
Cooked Food
Liver and Onions
Run Dung
Parched corn
Ground corn
Asham – Sham Sham- Brown George Coction-parched corn
Cooked Food
Avocado Dip
Cod Fish Balls
Turn Cormeal
Callaloo in butter
Fufu
Cornmeal dumpling
Flour dumpling
Cooked Food
Escoveitch Fish
Boiled/Baked/Crab
Turtle Balls
Beef and Okra
Fricasseed Chicken
Baked Cho Cho
Cooked Food
Saltfish Salad
Saltfish and Rice
Shrimp and Rice
Stew Peas and Rice
Roast Breadfruit
Boiled Breadfruit
Breadfruit in Coconut -Sauce
Cooked food
Pickled Red Herring
Solomon Gundy
Fried Plantain
Baked Plantain
Boiled Plantain
Plantain Tart
Stamp and Go
Plantain Chips
Banana Chips
Coconut Chips
Breadfruit Chips
Porridge
Cornmeal
Hominy
Banana
Cassava
Plantain
Desserts
Sweet Potato Pudding
Mixed Fruit Salad
Matrimony
Angel Food
Ripe Bananas and Cream
Baked Bananas
Banana Tart
Banana Custard
Banana Fritters
Banana Biscuits
Stewed Cashew
Stewed Guava
Desserts
Stewed Otaheite Apples
Coconut Cream
Coconut Biscuits
Coconut Macaroons
Jelly
Cow-foot Jelly
Irish Moss
Trifle
Seville Orange Custard
Cassava Pone
Corn Meal Pone
Desserts
Cho Cho Pudding
Dukunu (Blue drawers)
Pineapple Pie
Plantain Tarts
Cho Cho Pie
Guava Pie
Mango Pie
Gizadas
Syrups
Rum Cake
Grater Cake
Bread Pudding
Christmas Pudding
Ice Creams
Banana
Coconut
Guava
Mango
Pineapple
Sour-sop
Snow Ball
Drinks
Lime Squash
Fruit punch (orange, pineapple & limes)
Coconut Drink
Carrot Punch
Peanut Punch
Cashew Punch
Banana Nectar
Banana + Fruit punch
Banana Punch
Banana Milkshake
Drinks
Sarsaparilla
Ginger Beer
Sorrel
Tamarind
Sweet-sop
Sour-sop
Pawpaw
Ripe Plantain
Pineapple
Otaheitte Apple
Drinks
Cherry Cup
Egg Nog
Sweet-corn punch
Mango Punch
Lemonade
Guava Drink
June Plum drink
Rum Drinks
Pineapple Liqueur
Falarium
Rum Punch
Rum Collins
Rum Mint Julep
Prickly pear punch – (tuna)
Banana Daiquiri
Jamaica Planters Punch
Coconut Daiquiri
Wines
Banana wine
Cashew wine
Grapefruit wine
Orange wine
Ginger wine
Sangaree
Pimento dram
Teas
Bush Tea
Mint
Cerasee
Ginger
Fever grass /lemon
Chene root
Coffee
Chocolate
Breadfruit Leaf
Corn silk infusion
   

Reference:
Senior O. (2003) Encyclopaedia of Jamaican Heritage. Twin Guinep Publisher and oral testimonies.

From: Beverley Bogle – Group Coordinator

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